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Edinburgh’s history is intertwined with that of the castle.  Civil wars, English incursions, religious turmoil and dynastic disputes all saw Edinburgh Castle as a key building which needed to be taken.  This article is a great place to start your learning about Edinburgh Castle.
The history of Edinburgh Castle
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Edinburgh’s history has helped shape Scotland as we know it today. A lot of sieges and battles have been fought for it. Royalty lived and died within the walls of the castle. That’s why generations after generations have been inspired by the castle. The Iron Age The history of the Edinburgh Castle starts on the rock where it is located. Archaeological excavations have suggested that Bronze Age man was living on the rock as early as the 850 BC. During the Iron Age, there was a hill fort settlement at the top of the rock. This goes to show that even in ancient times they know the important of the rock. Wars of Independence In 1296, Edward I of England conquered Scotland and managed to capture Edinburgh Castle. It wasn’t until March 14 of 1314 when Sir Thomas Randolph, nephew of King Robert the Bruce, managed to climb up the north face of the rock with his men, took the English garrison by surprise, and got the castle back. Robert the Bruce ordered to dismantle the castle so that the English couldn’t capture it again and use it to their advantage once again. Three months later, the Scottish army won against the English at the Battle of Bannockburn. House of Scottish Monarchs Edinburgh’s history is not complete without the mention of the Scottish monarchs who have called the castle their home. Queen Margaret died in the castle in 1093. She was made saint by Pope Innocent IV in 1250. A small chapel on the top of castle rock was dedicated to her. It stands as the oldest structure in Edinburgh Castle. In 1566, Mary Queen of Scots gave birth to future king, James VI, in the Royal Palace. She left for England on May 1568, and her son James became the King of Scots. The nation was divided and in 1571, Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange decided to support the Queen in exile. Sir William Kirkcaldy was the keeper of the castle. This resulted to the Lang Siege that lasted for two years. It concluded when England sent heavy artillery and a large force. After 11 days of bombardment, Sir William Kirkcaldy surrendered and was executed. Regent Morton then rebuilt the damaged castle, and most of the repairs are still seen today, such as the Portcullis Gate and the Half-Moon Battery. The last battle that the Edinburgh Castle witnessed was during the time of William and his wife Mary. It was in the late 1688 when they were the sovereigns of England, but the Scots were undecided. Duke of Gordon was the governor of the castle and support of James VII, the last Stewart King. Gordon defended the castle and in 1689, a siege began. It lasted for three months and during that time, William and Mary accepted the Scottish Crown. Gordon surrendered, and peace reigned since then. At present, visitors can still see Edinburgh’s history through its structure. It has become the leading tourist attraction of Scotland and a vital element of the World Heritage Site.
Castle in Edinburgh Old Edinburgh Castle Siege of Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh Castle in the olden times Edinburgh Castle and street BOOK OLD EDINBURGH TOUR BOOK GREYFRIARS KIRKYARD TOUR CONTACT US ABOUT A PRIVATE TOUR
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ADDRESS 28/2 Bridge Road Colinton Edinburgh United Kingdom EH13 0LQ
CONTACT Mail: robert@historicedinburghtours.co.uk Phone: 079590026077
Copyright Historic Edinburgh Tours 2017
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Edinburgh’s history is intertwined with that of the castle.  Civil wars, English incursions, religious turmoil and dynastic disputes all saw Edinburgh Castle as a key building which needed to be taken.  This article is a great place to start your learning about Edinburgh Castle.
The history of Edinburgh Castle
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Edinburgh’s history has helped shape Scotland as we know it today. A lot of sieges and battles have been fought for it. Royalty lived and died within the walls of the castle. That’s why generations after generations have been inspired by the castle. The Iron Age The history of the Edinburgh Castle starts on the rock where it is located. Archaeological excavations have suggested that Bronze Age man was living on the rock as early as the 850 BC. During the Iron Age, there was a hill fort settlement at the top of the rock. This goes to show that even in ancient times they know the important of the rock. Wars of Independence In 1296, Edward I of England conquered Scotland and managed to capture Edinburgh Castle. It wasn’t until March 14 of 1314 when Sir Thomas Randolph, nephew of King Robert the Bruce, managed to climb up the north face of the rock with his men, took the English garrison by surprise, and got the castle back. Robert the Bruce ordered to dismantle the castle so that the English couldn’t capture it again and use it to their advantage once again. Three months later, the Scottish army won against the English at the Battle of Bannockburn. House of Scottish Monarchs Edinburgh’s history is not complete without the mention of the Scottish monarchs who have called the castle their home. Queen Margaret died in the castle in 1093. She was made saint by Pope Innocent IV in 1250. A small chapel on the top of castle rock was dedicated to her. It stands as the oldest structure in Edinburgh Castle. In 1566, Mary Queen of Scots gave birth to future king, James VI, in the Royal Palace. She left for England on May 1568, and her son James became the King of Scots. The nation was divided and in 1571, Sir William Kirkcaldy of Grange decided to support the Queen in exile. Sir William Kirkcaldy was the keeper of the castle. This resulted to the Lang Siege that lasted for two years. It concluded when England sent heavy artillery and a large force. After 11 days of bombardment, Sir William Kirkcaldy surrendered and was executed. Regent Morton then rebuilt the damaged castle, and most of the repairs are still seen today, such as the Portcullis Gate and the Half-Moon Battery. The last battle that the Edinburgh Castle witnessed was during the time of William and his wife Mary. It was in the late 1688 when they were the sovereigns of England, but the Scots were undecided. Duke of Gordon was the governor of the castle and support of James VII, the last Stewart King. Gordon defended the castle and in 1689, a siege began. It lasted for three months and during that time, William and Mary accepted the Scottish Crown. Gordon surrendered, and peace reigned since then. At present, visitors can still see Edinburgh’s history through its structure. It has become the leading tourist attraction of Scotland and a vital element of the World Heritage Site.
Castle in Edinburgh Old Edinburgh Castle Siege of Edinburgh Castle Edinburgh Castle in the olden times Edinburgh Castle and street BOOK OLD EDINBURGH TOUR BOOK GREYFRIARS KIRKYARD TOUR
NAVIGATION
SOCIAL
ADDRESS 28/2 Bridge Road Colinton Edinburgh United Kingdom EH13 0LQ
CONTACT Mail: robert@historicedinburghtours.co.uk Phone: 079590026077
Copyright Historic Edinburgh Tours 2017
  
LEGAL
Call us : +44 (0)7590 026 077